Sentence | kalimat

Kalimat adalah susunan kata yang mengandung subject dan kata kerja. kalimat “verbal” dan “nominal” yang mana di antara satu dan satunya memiliki dfinisi masing-masing. Bagaimana orang-orang tahu membedakan antara kalimat verbal dan nominal jika tidak tahu definisi dan bentuknya. langsung saja kita bahas di bawah mulai dari kalimat verbal.

a. Kalimat verbal

Kalimat verbal

Kalimat verbal adalah kalimat yang “verb” atau kata kerjanya bukan “Be”
dimana di dalam kalimat tersebut terdapat verb asli.
Contoh:

I sing a song.
I am singing a song.
I have sung a song.
I have been singing a song.

I sang a song.
I was singing a song.
I had sung a song.
I had been singing a song.

I will sing a song.
I will be singing a song.
I will have sung a song.
I will have been singing a song.

I would sing a song.
I would be singing a song.
I would have sung a song.
I would have been singing a song.

b. Kalimat nominal

Kalimat nominal

Kalimat nominal atau kalimat yang “verb” atau kata kerjanya berupa keluarga “Be” karena setelah “be” selalu di ikuti “Adjective, noun, Adverb”.
Contoh:

She is happy.
She was happy.
She has been happy.
She had been happy.

She will be happy.
She will have been happy.
She would be happy.
She would have been happy.

Structure

Menurut structure di bagi menjadi beberapa diantaranya adalah: Declarative sentence/ statement, Introgative sentence/ question, imperative sentence/ command dan request.

Declarative sentence


(+) S + V.
(- ) S + V + Not.
Contoh :
a. I sleep.
b. I don’t sleep.

Interrogative sentence

(+) V + S?
(- ) V + S + Not?
Note : Untuk pembentukan Question
1. Letakan Verb auxiliary sebelum subject.
2. Jika terdapat lebih dari satu verb auxiliary, letakan verb auxiliary yang pertama sebelum subject.
3. Jika tidak terdapat verb auxiliary perhatikan verb ordinary
verbal mendatangkan :

(Simple present : Do/ does + S + verb asli/ 1?)
(Simple past : Did + S + verb asli/1?)
Sedangkan untuk non-verbal bias langsung letakan (V.ord) sebelum subject.
(Simple present : Is am are + S + Complement of subject?)
(Simple past : Was/ were +S +Complement of subject?)

Imperative sentence/ command dan request.


(+) V + v1! : Do not come!
(- ) Do + not / Don’t + v1! : Do not open the door!
Atau
(+) Be + complement! : Be patent!
(- ) Do + not + be + Complement! : Do not be angry!

Terimakasih, semoga bermanfaat! kunjungi juga artikel terkait..
Simple present
present continuous
present perfect
present perfect continuous

Dapatkan info Loker kerja kapal

One thought on “Sentence | kalimat

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *